Why is a Deep Clean Necessary?
Plaque and tartar sitting on the teeth provide the ideal conditions in which bacteria can thrive. The bacteria then proliferate and begin to irritate the gums resulting in bleeding and inflammation. This is the early stage of gum disease, most commonly known as gingivitis. Gingivitis is easily reversed by improving oral hygiene. This can be done by brushing twice a day, which essentially ensures the removal of soft plaque and food debris, followed by flossing at least once a day in order to remove food from between the teeth and prevent the formation of holes. A professional dental clean by our hygienist will remove all tartar and calculus build up, thus, allowing the soft tissues in the mouth to heal.
It is important to treat gingivitis in its early stages as the bacteria and inflammation will progress towards to the root of the tooth, creating a Periodontal Pocket which will essentially attract more bacteria, resulting in the advancement of the disease to Periodontitis.
Periodontitis is when the supporting bone and tissue structures around the teeth are destroyed. The gums can become painful and the teeth will eventually become loose and may need to be extracted. Unfortunately the progression of this disease is irreversible so it is very important to maintain your regular dental check-up, scale and polish appointments every 6 months to avoid the risk of Periodontitis.
In patients with Periodontitis, there is some pocketting around the teeth and there is also some bone loss either in just one area or in the whole mouth. A deep clean or root debridement/planing is essential to stop or slow the progression of the disease down. We often recommend these deep cleans every 3-6 months depending on the progression of the disease.